Pipe elbows are used to be installed between two lengths of pipe or tube allowing a change of direction,usually these elbows distinguished by connection ends.
Carbon Steel:ASTM A234 WPB WPC A105 A106 A53 A283-D API5LB A671-CC-70 A515-50 A135-A A179-C,etc
Stainless Steel:304/304L, 316/316L,316Ti,321,317L,310S,etc
Alloy Steel:A335-P1,P2 ,P5 ,P11,P12 ,P22,P91,P92,A369-FP1,P2 A250-T1 A209-T1 A213-T2,T9 ,T12 A199-T11,T22,
Duplex Stainless Steel: S31803(SAF2205),S32750(SAF2507),S31500(3RE60)
Elbows are categorized based on various design features as below:
Long Radius (LR) Elbow is also called LR elbow – means the radius is 1.5 times the pipe diameter
L/R 45°Elbow: Long radius 45 degree elbow changes the direction by 45 degrees.
L/R 90°Elbow: Long radius 90 degree elbow changes the direction by 90 degrees.
L/R 180°Elbow: Long Radius 180 degree return bend allows complete reversal of flow.
Short Radius (SR) Elbow is also called SR elbow, – means the radius is 1.0 times the pipe diameter
Short radiu 45°Elbow: Short radius 45° elbow changes the direction by 45 degrees.
Short radius 90°Elbow: Short Radius 90° elbow is same as LR90 except for the measurement between end of elbow to center line is 1 x NPS.
Short radius 180° Elbow: Short Radius 180° return bend allows complete reversal of flow